Lesson One: Basic Intro
- is a religion
- not primarily about magic, although it does use magic
- your place in the universe
- your evolution as a spiritual being
- moving forward on your personal spiritual journey
- becoming the most you can be
- a way of understanding and interacting with deity and the universe
- a life-affirming path of growth and expansion
- based on reverence for nature and nature's cycles
- teaches respect for the earth and all creatures
- teaches us to reverse the natural forces of the universe
- allows us to see them reflected in the world around us
- has a great reverence for deity
- approach deity through many names and forms
- male and female
- believes deity comes to each person in the way that is best understood by that person
- believes the relationship between a person and deity is highly individual, personal, and subjective
- strong moral base
- treating each other in an honorable and loving manner
- Do as you will, but harm none
- a pagan or native religion
- "pagan" means "from the countryside
- reflects the fact that Pagans follow indigenous, native religions rather than "book" religions
- built up over time as a result of people's observations and experiences
- they are living, growing religions that can do change when change is needed
- revere the natural forces and cycles of life
- from observation of and interaction with these forces and cycles, beliefs develop
- unrelated to book religions
- book religions share common elements:
- belief in a final day of judgment
- a jealous and vengeful god
- basic sinfulness of humanity (original sin)
- superiority of male sex
- idea of Hell or place of eternal torture
- Wicca as a Spiritual Path
- a path of transformation and growth
- challenges and leads you to a renewed and enriched existence
- not an exclusive religion
- all paths lead to deity
- one does not need to belong to a given faith or tradition to be a good person or to grow spiritually
- learning to make your own choices
- seeks to open your thinking, not limit it
- To Be Wiccan
- to move at one with deity
- to honor nature and all that is in it
- to acknowledge the life in all things
- to be in harmony with all life
- to work with seen as well as unseen
- to learn the secrets of stones, plants, and animals
- to speak to/with other-kin
- to use every tool available to grow, learn, and become the best you can be
- to use magic, meditation, and ritual to overcome limitations, fears, and imperfections
- to move in harmony with deity
- to move to the good
- to be in accordance with your higher self
- The Cornelian Tradition
- strong emphasis on the philosophical aspects of Wicca
- strong emphasis on the spirituality and inner mysteries of the Wiccan religion
- liturgically does not differ from other Wiccan traditions
- a unique attitude toward the Pagan community and its future
- dedicated to the advancement of the Pagan people
- believe strongly in the need for increased communication and cooperation between all Pagans, despite location or traditions
- stress the importance of Pagan clergy as teachers and facilitators
- stress the importance of strong public presence
- emphasizes celebratory and initiatory Wicca
- strongly committed to accessible public ritual
- Tradition Leadership
- Witan Council
- made up of all temple heads, elders, and officers of the tradition
- Correllian Council of Elders
- heads and officers of the tradition and its most respected members
- First Priestess and Priest
- considered to be liturgical joint heads of the tradition
- function as heads of the Correll Mother Temple
- Chief Administrator
- the chancellor
- represents and is empowered to act for tradition's leadership
- First Elder
- responsible for ceremonial duties
Correllian Tradition: Correllianism is highly philosophical and syncretic in its views, believing that Deity comes to the individual from within and that religion exists to help that process, not replace it. Correllianism believes that all of the indigenous, or Pagan, religions of the world are equally worthy and share fundamental concepts that are universal in nature, while at the same time manifesting external differences appropriate to their respective cultural origins. It also believes that Pagan religions must stand together and acknowledge each other's worth. In previous years, Cornelian Wicca was called Nativist Wicca, and it is still formally termed Cornelian Nativist Wicca.
"Do as you will, but harm none:" the Wiccan Rede, considered the oldest and most sacred Wiccan "law." Many traditions have "laws" or rules of their own, but the Wiccan Rede is the only one that almost all traditions agree on. Not all traditions agree on how thee word harm should be interpreted here.
The God: Consort of the Goddess, the God, who is represented by the sun, is lord of the cycles of life. He is seen as the god of vegetation and of the forests, but also as lord of animals. He is represented as dying and being reborn each year in a cycle with the seasons.
Polarities: The concept of polarity is the idea that the Universe is held in balance by the interaction of two equal but opposite forces. These are variously described as darkness and light, spirit and matter, yin and yang, and Goddess and God. Everything that exists is made up of both of these qualities to varying degrees.
Syncretic: Syncretism is the likening of disparate ideas in the belief that they express a common truth. In religion, syncretism is the idea that the different religions of the world all reflect the same basic truths, but in differing ways - and that these differences are essentially external rather than integral to the true meanings of the religions. Syncretism is a dominant aspect of historic and contemporary Pagan religions. Syncretism is the likening of deities from one area to deities from another. Thus, at the dawn of human history, the Egyptians likened the southern Amon to the northern Ra, being them as the same deity. Similarly, the Egyptians likened Ptah, Seker, and Osiris to one another, seeing them as one - a practice that extended throughout Egyptian religion. Much later, the Romans likened the Celtic Cernunnos and Secullos, the Germanic Odin, and their own Mercury to one another, again, seeing them all as one deity. The highest expression of syncretism in the ancient world was the worship of the goddess Isis, which in later periods taught that all deities were expressions of the same divine power, expressed as polarities - but this was by no means an exclusively Isiac view. The short-lived Priest Emperor Elagabalus created the most concrete example of syncretism in the form of his Elagabalium, a temple raised to all gods as one.
Triple Goddess: The three forms of the Triple Goddess reflect the three phases of the moon: Maiden (waxing moon), Mother (full moon), and Crone (waning moon). The Triple Goddess is the form of the Mother Goddess most often found in Wicca and underlying most Wiccan thought. Her symbol is the moon, and she is also represented by earth itself (often spoken of as her body), by the sea, or by the whole of the universe. Her spirit suffuses all things.
Wicca: Wicca is a nature-based Pagan religion focused on the worship of the Mother Goddess and her consort and the observance of the cycles of nature and the universe. Wicca is highly eclectic, drawing from many sources both in its origin and in its contemporary practices. Wicca also acknowledges and seeks to develop the higher powers of the soul through the practices of magic.
Wiccan Tradition: Tradition in the Wiccan religion is the term used to describe an individual denomination as distinct from others. There are many Wiccan traditions, including the Gardnerian Tradition, the Alexandrian Tradition, the Seax-Wicca Tradition, the North Wind Tradition, the Blackstone Tradition, the Lothlorien Tradition, and many more. All are equally worthy, and all, in theory at least, respect each other equally. As membership in any Wiccan tradition is wholly voluntary, it is never appropriate for a member of one tradition to pass judgment on the practices of another tradition, except in regard to whether a given practice is the right one for that member as an individual.
- How does Deity come to a person?
- Who has the right to decide the best way for a person to interact with Deity?
- What is a Wiccan "tradition?"
- What is meant by the term polarities?
- What is the one "law" that almost all Wiccans agree on?
- What is the original meaning of the word Pagan?
- What are the "book" religions? How do they differ from Pagan religions?
- Are Pagan religions and the book religions related to each other?
- Is Wicca an exclusive religion?
- Other than Correllianism, name a Wiccan tradition.